Despite talk of a post-racial society, race continues to play a role in the American criminal justice system. For the most part, this is not purposeful racism but unconscious bias. Nevertheless, the effects show up in law enforcement practices. We see this in various forms of racial profiling and racial targeting; the enforcement of drug laws; the diminished effectiveness of police; and the damaged relationship between police and those they serve. Ways to address these issues exist; we can do better.